Contribution of forensic expertise in damages caused by firearms
Dr. Gramoz YLLI
This paper includes a general overview on the forensic concept of ballistic damages, which are unfortunately still observed in our trial-investigation practice, in the forms of murder, suicide and accidental cases. Forensic expertise in such cases, as a scientific advice in support of Justice gives its modest contribution to research and solve many investigation problems of ballistic cases. After a judicial presentation of the image of murder, suicide and accidents, a forensic assessment of firearm injury is made with the aim of determining the distance and direction of firing, the cause and mechanism of death as well as the origin of legal nature of death. A special importance is paid to different types of methodology and to various macroscopic, microscopic, and chemical, physical examinations, etc.; basic concepts of experimental modeling performed in animals are also given. The paper is accompanied with some statistical data in relation to age, sex, cause time etc, which may have their importance in determining the legal nature of ballistic death. Finally, some forensic conclusions and recommendations are given in the context of preventive measures to fight this type of crime.